History of the British Kendo Association
By John Howell, Kyoshi 7th Dan, Past President BKA
First I would like to say that I have tried to give an accurate account of the birth of our Association with all the records that have become available to me, where there are gaps; these have been filled by numerous persons with their memories of the events incurred.
This is a general overview, to write in great detail would indeed be very boring in lots of places
Lets start as far back as is known.
The Early Years
This is an extract from the Times on Monday 12th January 1885.
The fencing, as those who saw the display of masks, pads, gloves and bamboo swords sent from Tokyo gymnasium to the Health Exhibition will suppose, was quite unlike anything to be seen in Europe. The long bamboo rods are held in both hands, and the combatants, who were protected by a mask for the face of wire bars, with a quilted cover over the head, a sort of breastplate of lacquered leather, and padded gloves, strike and thrust freely. So well did the two performers warm to their work yesterday, that the umpire had to interpose himself and his fan between them two or three times.
The next piece of information I have is as follows.
It was in 1937 when Mr Lidstone showed his skill in front of the then Prince Chichibu at a garden party given in his honour at Hurlingham London. The Anglo-Japanese Judo Club gave the display.
I understand that there was Kendo at the Shinto Ryu Kendo Club in 1962 with such persons as Mr.Lidstone, Jock Hopson, Keith and Brian Feltham, also Dr. Peter Parsons.
However I must start my story from 1967 when I joined the Association, for previous 5 years I am unable to give any information accurately, except to say that as far as I am aware The British Kendo Association was inaugurated by Mr. Roald Knutsen and a proper committee was formed in 1964. Although the BKA was I think started in 1962. Mr Knutsen with Count Robert Von Sandor from Sweden set up the European Kendo Federation with other Federations in Europe. We are a founder members of the EKF.
After the Association was formed I understand the main premiere Club in the UK at that time was Nenriki Dojo which was inaugurated in 1966 and after 2 weeks had 28 members, also at the same time there was Bushi Budokai (Portsmouth) Shinbukan (Liverpool/ Llangothen), Brighton Dojo, Zanshi in Bristol and Blyth Dojo. I am more then pleased to say that some are still going strong. The only other club in existence to my knowledge, when I joined the Association was the Shinto Ryu Club in London, I may be mistaken but at this time it was privately run. I do have a record of the then called London Kendo Club. (Shinto Ryu) being made a member of the BKA on 15th November 1968.
The Associations first President was Sir Frank Bowden and Vice President was Mr. Kozo Takizawa 7th Dan Kyoshi and its first Chairman was Mr.R.A.Lidstone; Mr Knutsen took over as Secretary General with Mrs.Pat Knutsen as Treasurer. I started Kendo in early 1967 and came into the committee in 1968 as membership secretary.
In 1969 Mr.Lidstone died in Nenriki Dojo at the age of 72. His grade was 4th Dan and he was so respected by the ZNKR that they awarded him Renshi posthumously. Possibly the only ever 4th Dan Renshi
The Association carried on without a Chairman, run by Mr.Knutsen and his wife as Treasurer with some hiccups along the way, but seemed to be going ahead quite well up to late 1969. The committee then elected another Chairman Mr.Bill Prytherch, who served in this position until September 1975.
At that time we had a Japanese 4th Dan at Nenriki Dojo (Mr O.Fujii) there were 6 other Japanese teachers in Europe as well. The All Japan Kendo Federation approached these Japanese teachers with a view to getting under way the 1st World Kendo Championships.
In 1970, they were Mr. Fuji, Mr.Shiga, Mr Morioka, Mr Yoshimura plus two others whose names I cannot remember; one was living in Sweden the other elsewhere in Europe.
The job of putting together all the details and handling the grant from the ZNKR was down to Mr.Fuji. He selected a team that he considered was the best to represent GB.
For the 1st WKC these members were Jock Hopson, Keith Feltham, John O’Sullivan, John Howell, Len Bean, Victor Harris, and Deborah Hopson. The first 5 were the team and all 7 were to be in the individual’s matches.
For an Association so young in experience the team did extremely well. Fighting ourselves through three rounds with Jock Hopson getting the better of the Captain of the Hawaiian team who was a 6th Dan, myself managed the same thing in the individual matches.
The Association was also extremely lucky to have the backing and counselling of Mr Koichi Kikuchi 7th Dan Koyshi at this time, who was First Secretary at the Japanese Embassy, his work and advice enabled us to go forward and hold a World Kendo Championship. This highly respected person in Japan, we are pleased to say accepted a Vice Presidency of our Association. He was resident in this country from late 1972 to the end of 1976.
Prior to the meeting in 1973 GB had requested, from the International Kendo Federation permission to hold the 3rd World Kendo Championships in1976. This was accepted by Japan.
Meanwhile the BKA was holding the Japan AirlinesTaikai, the Sir Frank Bowden Taikai, and the 1st R.A.Lidstone Taikai.
In the May of 1973 Zanshin Dojo invited the members of the BKA to participate in The Bristol 600 year anniversary fair, also in November of that year we held the first International Goodwill Match GB.v.France; this was the forerunner for the 1st European Championships, which was to be held at Bletchley Leisure Centre in 1974
April 1974 was the time for the EKF meeting and viewing of the venue etc: for the 1st European Kendo Championships.
GB took all six Gold Medals at the 1st European Kendo Championships.
The next International match to take place was the Goodwill between GB.v.Germany in London; again we won the medals, followed on by a goodwill match between GB.v.France in 1975 in Burge France. We did the same again taking all the medals. Meanwhile the Japan Airlines, R.A.Lidstone and the Sir Frank Bowden Taikai continued throughout the years.
In 1975 we started our own taikai, The British Open Championships.
The 3rd World Kendo Championships was held at Bletchley Leisure Centre in 1976, the Goodwill matches that preceded the Championships were held at Crystal Palace London.
We had great support from companies with materials and gifts in kind and of course our members. For example, they did the actual building of the wooden floor at the Leisure Centre in Bletchley to take the Taikai, working very late into the night before the Championships. The Japanese who arrived to see the venue the day before could not believe that everything would be ready in time; it was of course, due to our members hard work that night, and it was the start of the whole event being a success. The great thing about this was that we broke even on the costs. I know that this is correct, as I was the Treasurer for this event.
Later in 1976 we had another International Goodwill Match with Germany in Berlin, success again. April 1977 the 2nd European Kendo Championships took place in Brussels this time we took Silver. At the latter part of April 77, we did a demonstration at the Queens Jubilee at Crystal Palace Sports Centre.
Again throughout 77 The Sir Frank Bowden, Japan Airlines, Lidstone and Northern Kyu Taikai were taking place.
1977 we became a founder member of the Martial Arts Commission.MAC was disbanded by the Sports Council in 1992. During its period we managed to obtain quite a considerable amount of grant money for our International Matches. The Sports Council then devised SCAGMA (Sports Council Advisory Group for Martial Arts) we were one of the 7 bodies accepted, and this continued until the reorganization of the Sports Council into its regions. It was part of the strategy of the Sports Council to let it die out on the new organization changes.
MADEC (Martial Arts Development Commission) a successor to MAC continued from 1992 to about 1999.
Throughout our membership of MAC we were looked on as the most respected member by other Martial Arts. We kept out of all the in fighting and our opinion was always respected.
1975 a Dojo Leaders I day course was run at Nenriki Dojo, which led to the establishment of our Coach Awards, MAC used the pattern we set up for its own Coach Awards System.
In 1978 the 3rd European Kendo Championships were held at Chambrey France we managed individual Silver here. All our standard Taikais took place during this year.
1979 saw another International Goodwill Match in London against France, on this occasion we put forward 2 teams, the result was A team lost B team won.
This year was also the 4th World Kendo Championships, which were held in Sapporo Japan, our team came 6th on points, a wonderful result.
The Story of Iai
The year 1979 was one of the milestone in the BKA; Jock Hopson was living in Japan and during the summer he met Ishido Sensei, and his concept of Iaido was completely changed. To quote Jock he thought that Iaido was something best done alone, without an audience and in the dark but after training with Ishido Sensei he found that it was difficult, complicated, mentally and physically demanding. Ishido Sensei travelled to Sapporo to watch the World Kendo Championships. I met Sensei then and that was the first contact with the BKA.
As Sensei had never been to Europe he returned with Jock to the UK.
Their first trip was to Glasgow, he was not impressed with what he had seen, asking quietly in Japanese if they would like to be flattered or told the truth, well the students chose the truth and the stage was set for 25 years of unfailingly honest and unflattering instruction in Iaido and Jodo which has benefited the BKA and its reputation in Japan.
His next trip was down to Vic Cooks dojo, Vic like Jock had been well under whelmed by the Iai he had seen up to that time, but when he saw the 34 year old 7th Dan going through his paces with speed, skill and smoothness, he said if this is how Iaido can be done, then I want to do it too.
As the years passed Ishido Senseis visits continued; to date he has made over 200 trips to Europe and South East Asia on private and AJKF sponsored teaching trips. To the enormous long term benefit to those practicing Jikiden-Ryu Iaido, Haruna Sensei joined him for the summer seminar for the first time in 1981. The following year the famous Jodo teacher, Hiroi Sensei joined the party and the summer seminar grew to include both Jodo and Iaido training under 8th Dan instructors. It is without doubt due to the commitment of these teachers, their teaching skills and enthusiasm that many of the early students now hold 6th and 7th Dan themselves.
Over the years, the summer seminars have generated enough interest for our Association to increase the number of teachers invited. As an Association, we have been extremely fortunate that many first class young Jodo and Iaido teachers of several styles have accompanied Ishido Sensei on his summer visits to the UK.
To my knowledge at the European Iaido Championships GB Teams took Gold in 1996, 99 2001, 2, 3 & 4 and Jodo 2003 & 4.
It is most unfortunate that I am unable to list all the achievements of our British Iaido and Jodo teams, they have won so many Gold, Silver and Bronze medals in the various categories at the European Championships and friendly international matches,
I hope later that a complete listing will become available and will be published.
To jump forward some years, it has been with great pride that the title of Shihan for Iaido and Jodo to this Association was accepted by Ishido Sensei in 2004.
The 1980′s and 1990′s
On the occasion of the 4th and 5th European Kendo Championships GB Team took 3rd place and in the 6th Silver, the 7th Fighting Spirit and the 8th in 1987 again 3rd place.
During the time from 1987 to 1990 the 10th EKC where we again took 3rd place there were many goodwill international matches such as the Paris International and the Italian International in all of these we were in the medals. At the 8th World Kendo Championships in Toronto we reached the highest place coming 5th in the world. Our next success was in 12th EKC 1993 again 3rd place and the 13th EKC held in Glasgow 3rd Place.
From 2001 our membership has grown and grown, and we now have around 1500 members.
The year 2003 was a bench mark in our Association, we had asked, and were granted the honour of holding the 12th World Kendo Championships in Glasgow.
Geoff Salmon, Paul Budden and myself formed a limited company, with the three of us as Directors, there by removing any liability of finance from the BKA. The overall cost was just under £350,000 and we were pleased to announce that we came out with a small profit, which went to the BKA. We did not receive any sponsorship from either Sport England or Sport Scotland. Our biggest achievement was the visit of Her Majesty the Queen and His Highness the Duke of Edinburgh to these Championships.
To build upon the success of these Championships in 2004 we inaugurated the International Kendo Enbu Taikai to be held in Edinburgh. We invited six 8th Dans to participate. A seminar was held the day before which had many people from Europe attending.
On the day of the Embu we had demonstrations from Iaido, Jodo, Judo, Karate, Aikido, and Kyudo as well as Kendo; also workshops in the squash court were ongoing for all these disciplines. There were displays of Ikebana, Sword appreciation, Bonsai, and Japanese food. This was a resounding success and showed the Association disciplines to the full.
We repeated this IKET again in 2005 and once again it was a success.
This year 2005 Sumi Sensei, who has been coming to this country for 18 years to run seminars and has enhanced the Kendo in the UK accepted a fellowship of our Association.
We have from the turbulent start of our Kendo Association with so few members made great strides both in numbers, which in 2005 stands at over 1500 plus around 440 temporary members, also in our technical ability within all our disciplines.
We as an Association have a great future in front of us, lets use all the resources we have to make even greater strides forward in the years to come.
As for me it is a great pleasure that I have been connected with the BKA from its early beginnings, and will continue to serve the Association as long as its members require me to do so.